Top 10 Backend Web Development Frameworks (2021)
Laying a solid foundation for your building is essential for it to hold up. And choosing the right backend framework is essential for the efficient operation of the software. A backend framework is a collection of tools, code libraries, and other software that helps build server-side logic that powers behind-the-scenes websites and applications. They eliminate the need to build and configure everything from scratch by providing ready-to-use components for dynamic web application development.
According to Github Stars, the 10 best backend frameworks in February 2021 are:
- Rubies on rails
Let’s dive into the details of the 13 best backend frameworks for web development.
Written in: PHP
Laravel is a free and open source PHP web framework based on the MVC architecture. It is ideal for developers who like to program in PHP. The main benefits include authentication, a simple API, caching backends, logs, and testing. Plus, it’s easy to get started with great documentation, queue management, and a compelling ORM. Laravel is perfect for building blogs, news portals, and e-commerce websites.
Written in: Python
Flask is a Python-based micro web framework. It’s micro in the sense that Flask aims to keep the core simple yet stretchy. Developers who are proficient in Python can easily adapt to working with Flask. As a micro-framework, it is perfect for applications requiring extensive customization.
Written in: Python
Django is one of the most popular frameworks written in the Python language. It follows the pattern of the Model View Controller (MVC). Django is arguably one of the cleanest frameworks in terms of architecture. Django is used for developing sophisticated database-driven websites. Many developers prefer Django over other server-side frameworks because of its flexibility, REST frameworks for APIs, and battery functionality.
Express.js, aka Express, is a backend web application framework designed for building web applications and APIs. It provides a thin layer of fundamental web application functionality. And with a myriad of HTTP utility methods and middleware, building a robust API is quick and easy.
- Rubies on rails
Written in: ruby
Ruby on Rails, also known as Rails, is a server-side framework written in Ruby. It provides default structures for a database, web pages, and web service. Scalability is one of the main reasons many users choose Ruby on Rails.
Written in: Java
Spring is the most popular framework for enterprise Java. It leverages the Spring platform and third-party libraries to get developers started with minimal hassle. It focuses on the “plumbing” of business applications so that teams can focus on the business logic at the application level.
Koa is a lightweight, scalable Node.js framework that provides a robust set of features for web and mobile applications. By taking advantage of asynchronous functions, it allows you to significantly increase error handling. Koa was built by the team behind Express be a more solid foundation for APIs and web applications. It is often referred to as the Lite version of Express. Koa provides an elegant suite of methods that make write servers fast and enjoyable.
Nest.js is an open source, extensible and progressive framework for building compelling and demanding backend systems. It is production ready because it comes with a lot of cool features. It can be connected to GraphQL, WebSockets, or used to create microservices. Nest.js is easily extensible, as it can be used with other libraries. NestJS uses modern technologies, so the applications created with it are maintainable and durable.
Strapi is a Node.js API framework with headless CMS capabilities. It is a cross between a content management system (CMS) and a Node.js framework. Strapi is the most advanced Node.js content management framework, saving developers weeks of API setups. It comes with an impressive set of useful features and plugins.
How to select a web framework?
With so many options available, selecting a backend framework can be a hassle. Here are some factors to keep in mind.
- It is above all about understanding the purpose behind using a framework and whether it is appropriate or not.
- The best backend frameworks ensure that security is a central part of the framework infrastructure.
- Migrating from one backend framework to another is expensive and risky. Therefore, choosing a framework that can grow with your business is essential.
- Ease of installation. The best frameworks contain a simple setup and run as fast as possible.
- If you choose a framework with poor documentation, you’ll end up spending more time understanding the basics than developing features.
- Learning curve. If you are familiar with a particular programming language, you might want to use a framework that uses that language.
- If you go for a backend framework that has a large community and support, you can always ask for help.
There are many backend frameworks on the market. However, only a handful of them can deploy a scalable application. Truly versatile frameworks are based on powerful and expressive languages and allow developers to build web applications and APIs.
What is the best backend framework?
Choose the right technology for back-end development services is crucial for the performance and scalability of applications. However, there is no better backend framework – each is the “best” for a different use.
Top 10 backend web development frameworks in 2021
|Frame||Programming language||Use case|
The Washington Times
|5. Rubies on rails||Ruby||
All of these frameworks have great communities and good documentation. Selecting one for your project will depend on the features required, the technology associated with it, development goals, team strength, etc. A good choice would be a framework with whatever programming language you are most familiar with. However, venturing into uncharted waters can be a great learning experience.