The most popular JavaScript frameworks of 2022

In May 2021, Stack Overflow conducted the 2021 Developer Survey to learn more about the tools developers use, how they learn them, and their opinions. More than 80,000 developers took part in the survey, 69.7% of them being developers by profession.

JavaScript is the most popular programming language in the survey. This article highlights discoveries about JavaScript and its frameworks. Hopefully this sheds some light on which tech you should keep an eye on in 2022.

According to the Stack Overflow Developer Survey, JavaScript continues to maintain its position as the most popular programming language with over 68% of respondents saying they use it extensively for development. Along with HTML and CSS, JavaScript is one of the core technologies used on the web.

JavaScript is also used in other development environments like Node.js for backend development, Apache CouchDB, and Adobe Acrobat. The uses of JavaScript have also extended to mobile, game, and desktop development. Its growing adoption can be attributed to the fact that it is easy to learn, easy to implement, and receives a ton of support from its developer community.


Data showing JavaScript as the most popular programming languages
Image Credit: Stack Overflow

In the JavaScript ecosystem, the list of JavaScript frameworks keeps growing. Frameworks are a collection of pre-built JavaScript code that is used to facilitate development. When choosing a framework, consider the characteristics of your project, the qualities of the framework and its learning process.

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Below are the five most popular JavaScript frameworks.

1. React JS


React homepage

React has overtaken jQuery as the most popular web framework in 2022 with over 40% of professional developers reporting using it extensively. It is an open-source JavaScript library developed by Facebook used to create highly responsive user interfaces. It is declarative and component-based, which means you can reuse components to create complex user interfaces in a short time.

For new developers, React is easier to learn and use than other frameworks like Angular. It has extensive documentation, guides, and a growing community that lowers the learning curve. React is constantly evolving, which can be a downside as developers have to keep relearning new features. Examples of great websites built with React are Airbnb, Dropbox, Asana, and BBC.


Related: What is ReactJS and what can it be used for?

2.jQuery


jQuery homepage

jQuery was the second most popular web framework. It is an open-source JavaScript library used to simplify interaction with the DOM (Document Object Model). It helps you easily navigate the DOM tree.

jQuery is easy to learn and has been around since 2006 and therefore has a large community of developers. jQuery however cannot compare to modern web frameworks with advanced features. It is useful for simple applications but can lead to a large code base if used to create large applications.

3. Angular


Angular homepage

Angular (26.23%) was the third most popular JavaScript framework after jQuery (34.52%). It is an open-source framework released by Google in 2016. It can be used on frontend or backend to build Dynamic Single Page Apps (SPAs) and Progressive Web Apps (PWAs) with page loads faster.


Angular offers features like two-way data binding that allows real-time synchronization between model and view, has built-in dependency injection, and supports TypeScript. However, it has a steeper learning curve than React. Examples of websites built with Angular are Freelancer, IBM, and PayPal.

Related: An introduction to Angular

4.Express


Quick homepage

Express (also Express.js) came in fourth among web frameworks with 23.6%. It is a minimal and fast JavaScript framework for backend development. It is used with Node.js, a JavaScript runtime, to quickly build efficient web applications.

Related: A Beginner’s Guide to RESTful APIs in Node.js

Express provides an easy way to manage routing, configure middleware packages, and integrate plugins into your server-side code. With Express, you can create RESTful APIs to integrate with other applications and dynamically serve static HTML files to the web. Twitter, Intuit, and Accenture are examples of companies using Express in the code base.

5. Vue.js


Vue.js homepage

Vue.js was the fifth most popular JavaScript framework. It is an open-source framework designed to enhance the functionality of front-end frameworks like Angular and React. For example, it has both the virtual DOM used in React and two-way binding like in Angular.

With Vue.js, you can build PWAs and SPAs quickly and efficiently. Vue.js is a good first JavaScript for beginners because it has good documentation and is easy to learn. Examples of websites built using Vue.js are Upwork, Adobe, and Grammarly.

Related: What is Vue.js? Introducing a beginner

Svelte was the most popular front-end JavaScript framework

It’s worth noting that Svelte held the top spot as the most popular web framework according to 71.47% of respondents and surpassed React at 69.28%.


Data showing that svelte is the most popular web framework

Svelte is extremely fast compared to React and other mainstream frameworks like Angular and Vue.js. This is attributed to the fact that Svelte compiles code down to optimized Vanilla JavaScript and you don’t have to ship overhead framework code. With Sapper being similar to Next.js in React and Svelte Native for mobile development, Svelte will likely continue to grow in popularity.


Examples of companies using Svelte for their websites are The New York Times, Nesta, and Rakuten.

AngularJS was the most feared web framework

While Svelte was the most popular framework, AngularJS was the least popular. He was feared by 76.82% of respondents. This may be because in December 2021, Google discontinued long-term support for AngularJS after providing it for over three years. If you are using AngularJS in your application, you will need to migrate to Angular or other frameworks because over time your application may crash due to lack of updates.

Choose a JavaScript framework

The popularity of a framework can mean a large development ecosystem that can make it easy to learn. However, this shouldn’t be the only factor to consider when choosing a frame. Always think about where you want to use this framework. The design and functionalities of your application must come before the choice of the development tool. Next, research the framework to learn more about its features and complexities.

This article has highlighted the top five most popular JavaScript frameworks according to StackOverflow’s 2021 Developer Survey. It provides a good starting point for making a decision about the technology you will use to build your solution.


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