[Techie Tuesday] The main criteria startups should keep in mind when choosing their tech stack
For tech startups, choosing the right tech infrastructure is probably the most important decision – it’s what will determine success or failure.
The choice of technology stack is one of the most important aspects of building a product. Every decision affects the future growth and development of the business. Several factors influence the choice of a technology stack. Inefficient spend, siled data, and poor customer experiences can all result from sprawling the tech stack if not managed carefully.
What can you do to create a tech stack that can scale without slowing you down and locking you in?
The first step is to choose a flexible set of technologies so that your business can grow easily and as your needs change, without compromising functionality. When it comes to choosing your startup technology, here are some of the things to consider:
While you don’t have to worry about scalability from day one, you should always choose a stack that allows you to scale over time.
A scalable application, whether web, desktop, or mobile, allows you to add functionality to core product functionality. It allows to manage an increasing volume of users and activities. Scalability also allows you to quickly process multiple requests in parallel.
Time to market
The most important thing to consider in a startup, especially during the initial stages, is time to market, which means solving some of the pressing issues and delivering value in a timely manner.
You wouldn’t care as much about the scale during these early stages until you hit a good fit for the product market. It’s important to validate your ideas before investing in scalability.
Most of the newer tech tools are trendy, but the talent pool available will be limited in most cases. In this case, you need to determine if the technology has a large base of developer support. This will validate that the tech stack tool will continue and be well maintained.
The right technology stack should minimize costs and deliver more value in the long run, as you are able to deliver a better product with a balanced sense of custom tools and technical requirements.
Therefore, most startups opt for open source technologies because they are cost effective and highly customizable, and would invariably have a strong community working together to solve many of their questions.
If some of the newer open source technologies do not enjoy dynamic and active developer community support, it is best to avoid such technological tools.
It is important to assess the size of the project and to have a strategic perspective before investing in your technical requirements. While the focus will initially be on releasing an MVP, choosing the tech stack should give you some inspiration over time.
Type of project
The tech stack will depend heavily on the type of application you are trying to build. For example, if you are building a marketplace, Ruby or Java are ideal candidates. Ruby on Rails with React or Java with React are great for building an eCommerce application. On a related note, Python / PHP is great for building a social network.
Web and / or mobile
The choice of app depends on your target audience. On mobile, you will need to support both iOS and Android. Based on this, you can choose to use Kotlin for Android and Swift / Object-C for iOS.
Best Starter Tech Stack Models
You can use the traditional combination of technologies that have already been tested and used if you are having trouble assembling your technology stack. Several predefined technology stack templates are popular among companies for their development.
Many companies have found success through a combination of these technologies. Here are the most popular technology stack models:
For web applications you have a lot of choices, but they can be broadly categorized among traditional front-end / back-end, heavy front-end, heavy back-end.
MERN battery: This stack is similar to MEAN, except you are working with ReactJS here instead of Angular.
LAMP: Lamp (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) is another technology stack primarily used for developing dynamic websites and web applications.
Swift / Kotlin or Java: Best to use Swift for native iOS apps, while Kotlin or Java is suitable for Android apps.
Native OS applications / Electron or Node web toolkit: Similar to mobile, in the case of desktop apps the choices are limited to native OS apps or use an Electron or Node web toolkit to create a wrapper app.
The right tech stack is critical to overall success
Software architecture is a key aspect to enable scalability, reuse and portability of applications. The technologies you choose should allow both static and dynamic component configurations, making it a great application even when traffic increases and when you add new functionality.
Technical stacks are ideally the digital infrastructure that supports a business. An effective technology stack helps your team improve productivity by optimizing your processes and influences the type of products you can create and the type of engineers you can hire.
Choosing the best startup tech stack for your business may seem daunting at first, but it boils down to one question: What do you see your business doing in five years?
Choosing the right technology means selecting the languages, cloud technologies, and frameworks that will help you achieve your goals. Having the right stack of technologies is imperative to ensuring the success of your organization.
(Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of YourStory.)