Microsoft IDEs dominate, GCP and Azure fight behind AWS • The Register


Stack Overflow has released its latest developer survey, revealing widespread deployment of developer tools from Microsoft as well as Google Cloud Platform and Azure rallying behind AWS.

The tech section of the survey is where we can get clues about trends in programming languages ​​and platforms. Perhaps the most dramatic graph in this survey is for development environments, with Microsoft taking first and second place in terms of usage: 71.06% of respondents use Visual Studio Code and 33.03% use Visual Studio . The third is Notepad ++ with 29.1% (note that most of the survey percentages add up to over 100% thanks to developers using multiple tools).

Visual Studio Code has a huge lead in using the IDE, and Visual Studio is second. Source: stack overflow

Stack Overflow did not ask this question last year, although in 2019 the same three occupy these places, albeit with much lower percentages: 50.7% for VS Code, 31.5% for Visual Studio and 30.5% for Notepad ++. The remarkable rise of VS Code is the big story here.

Other picks like IntelliJ IDEA, Android Studio, and Eclipse show slight gains, although one of the quirks compared to 2019 is that almost all IDEs show higher percentages, meaning either more developers using more FDI, or something in the design of the survey made respondents more inclined to tick more boxes.

In programming languages, JavaScript remains the most used with 65%, Python has gone from 44.1% in 2020 to 48.2% this year and Java from 40.2% to 35.35%. We are pleased to note that Stack Overflow separates language usage and language popularity. You can love or hate Rust, Lisp, R, and put together whatever you want, although you probably have to use JavaScript, Java, SQL, and C # on a daily basis. Use does not necessarily mean popularity.

What is the most feared language? COBOL (84.21 percent apparently), edging out VBA at 79.39 percent, although COBOL numbers, as you would expect, come from a small base of less than 450 developers.

It’s worth noting how many programming languages ​​are more feared than loved, including C ++ (just), Java, PowerShell, PHP, C, Perl, and many more. At the top of the “liked” table are Rust, Clojure (among only 1,500 developers), and TypeScript. Why do Clojure developers love their language? This may be because they are, according to this survey, the highest paid, with a median salary of $ 95,000, ahead of F # developers at $ 81,037.

When it comes to databases, PostgreSQL gained in usage (40.42 percent vs. 36.1 percent) while Microsoft SQL Server (down 33.0% to 26.87 percent) and Oracle ( down from 16.5 percent to 12.61 percent) decreased.

In web frameworks, React.js has gained in usage (40.14% vs. 35.9% last year) while classic ASP.NET, which runs on the current .NET Framework, has moved on. from 21.9% to 15.74%. ); the modern ASP.NET Core at 18.1% is also slightly less used, but now ahead of its legacy cousin. Good news for ASP.NET Core enthusiasts is that it ties into Svelte as the “most popular” web framework.

Google Cloud outperformed Azure for developer use, despite its smaller market share

Google Cloud outperformed Azure for developer use, despite its smaller market share

Stack Overflow launched cloud platforms for the first time this year, and the results show an intriguing trend: among developers, Google Cloud Platform (GCP) with 31.05% is slightly more used than Microsoft Azure (30.77 %), although both are behind AWS (54.22 percent). The numbers are difficult to compare directly, but in a larger 2020 question on platforms, Azure at 14.5% was just ahead of GCP (14.1%).

If the survey is limited to professional developers, Azure ranks second. GCP takes second place in a second question, however, about which platforms developers would like to switch to.

The main takeaway here is that GCP’s popularity among developers (if this survey is to be believed) is greater than its market share. There is no contradiction here: Azure is not only a development platform, but also an infrastructure platform; and it’s also plausible that large corporate accounts (with which Microsoft has a close relationship, as Gartner analysts noted here) have a stronger preference for Azure over GCP than small developers – but again once, note that AWS is way ahead of both.

Year of Linux on the Developer Desktop? While 25.32 percent of programmers surveyed say they work primarily on Linux, that’s a slight drop from last year, which put the figure at 26.6 percent. Windows is stable at 45.33%, from 45.8%, and macOS is also down, from 27.5% to 25.19%.

Unlike most percentages, these add up to 100% (or a little less) because multiple responses were not allowed. Windows’ share is actually more than it first appears: the survey added the optional Windows Subsystem for Linux, giving Microsoft an additional 3.29%. Professional developers, however, prefer the Mac (30.4%) to Linux (25.17%).

What do developers do when they get stuck? This is of course a Stack Overflow survey; but we learn that Google is their first thought (89.69%) against Stack Overflow itself at 79.96%. These numbers are similar whether or not the developers are professionals.

The Stack Overflow survey was completed by 83,439 developers from 181 countries, making it the largest of its kind, although it primarily represents Stac kOverflow users who may not be representative of developers in general. Pollsters also noted that “highly engaged users on Stack Overflow were more likely to notice survey prompts.”

The number of respondents fell from 65,000 to the equivalent of 2020, and a modest effort was made to improve the quality of responses by eliminating those who spent less than three minutes on the survey. 69.7 percent of respondents considered themselves to be professional developers and 91 percent of respondents identified themselves as male.

The full survey, along with many other numbers to ponder, can be found here.®

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