How to install Discourse on the Debian 11 Bullseye server
Discourse is an open source platform for building an online forum, comments, chat rooms, or mailing list system. In this tutorial we see the steps to install Discourse on Debian 11 Bullseye using the command terminal.
Over time, Internet forums have changed now. They are no longer with old, monotonous designs. Anyone who has used or been a member of phpBB or vBulletin already understands how forums work and their importance in the Internet world. But in recent years, website operators seem to be much less interested in their forums. However, Discourse is finding its way and even becoming popular among the community due to the modernization of the forum they offer with their software.
It was released in 2014, and so has been around for 7 years now, Discourse is Ruby-based forum software. Additionally, the creators – including Stack Overflow co-founder Jeff Atwood – incorporated various newer elements that we know of from social media or commenting systems like Disqus.
Besides the self-hosted open source edition, the creators of Discourse also offer their hosting solution between $ 100 and $ 300 per month or depending on the custom solution; just like WordPress.com.
Steps to install the talk on Debian 11 Linux Bullseye
What we need to follow this tutorial:
• Debian Server 11
• A non-root sudo user
• Internet connection
• at least 2 GB of RAM
1. Install the ca certificates on Debian 11 and run the APT update
To add a repository over HTTPS, we need to install ca certificates, along with other tools that we need later in the tutorial.
sudo apt update -y
sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl GnuPG -y
2. Add the Docker GPG key and the repository
Since we need Docker to install Discourse, so we need to make sure we have the latest version; let’s add its repository using the given commands:
Add a key:
curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/debian/gpg | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg
Add a deposit:
echo "deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg] https://download.docker.com/linux/debian $(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null
sudo apt update
3. Install Docker for speech
Now run the given command to install Docker platform and other tools on your Debian 11 Linux.
sudo apt-get install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io
4. Download Discourse on Debian 11
Once the Docker is on our system, let’s create a dedicated directory for Discourse, then clone its git repository for later installation.
sudo mkdir /var/discourse
Now clone the git repository
sudo git clone https://github.com/discourse/discourse_docker.git /var/discourse
5. Install and configure Discourse for Debian 11 Bullseye
First switch to the directory we created and clone the directory.
Now run the script:
The installer will ask you to add the domain address you want to use with Discourse:
After that, to send the mail, the user needs to set the SMTP server address of the mail server you want to use. It will ask for the following:
SMTP server address - SMTP user name - SMTP port - SMTP password -
You can consult the official speech page to troubleshoot e-mail issues.
6. Access the web interface
Now open your browser which can access the domain name you registered for Discourse. After that, in the URL, point the browser to the domain of your speech.
For example: Here we are using- demo.how2shout.com
7. Register the administrator account
Click on the Register Button. And
Keep the upgrade talk
In the future, if you want to upgrade your installation, follow the given commands:
cd /var/discourse sudo git pull sudo ./launcher rebuild app
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